Monday, December 26, 2016

Whistler Housing Story

  Whistler is often praised for its approach to housing but it sounds pretty similar to Tofino.

Wednesday, December 14, 2016

How We Get Our Petroleum Products

Both Tofino and Ucluelet have organizations that work very hard to get Tourists to visit the area. The vast majority of tourists consume petroleum products to get here. The following explains how these products are delivered :

Petroleum Products Distribution Networks

The logistics network required to supply petroleum products from the refineries to the end-users is a complex system of pipelines, ships, railways and trucks. Often several methods of transportation are utilized to move petroleum products from the refineries, ports and large terminals to tremendously disperse markets all across Canada. The long distances and variety of transportation modes used can pose challenges for the refiners who must maintain strict product specifications. Degradation or contamination of product in transit can result in costly re-processing at the delivery point if the integrity of the distribution system is not carefully monitored. This is increasingly important as environmental regulations result in cleaner and more stringent product characteristics.

Product Exchanges

In order to reduce transportation costs and to capitalize on increasing economies of scale, refiners enter into a large number of product exchange agreements with one another. Product exchanges occur when one refiner provides another refiner with specific products in a certain location in exchange for a similar quality and volume of products in another location.
Product exchanges significantly reduce the volumes and distances over which products are moved, thereby considerably reducing transportation costs and environmental exposure. These agreements have not only allowed the industry to consolidate their operations at the refinery level but have also led to a consolidation of local product terminals. It is no longer unusual to purchase gasoline from a branded outlet that was produced by one of its main competitors.
In cases where product exchanges are not available, companies need to make other arrangements to supply their terminals and retail networks. The method of transportation they select to move their products will be influenced by several factors. Geographic barriers are a major concern as well as the volume of products demanded in each of these markets and the relative costs of transportation. Each mode of transportation has its own inherent strengths and weaknesses.

Refineries to Terminals

Product terminals are more widely distributed than refineries and are generally located near major markets. Pipelines are the safest, most reliable and cost-effective way of transporting the large volume of petroleum products that must be moved throughout Canada each day. However, the enormous capital cost associated with constructing pipelines limits their use to locations where very large volumes of product are to be moved for an extended period of time. The payback period for these projects is often 15-20 years or greater.
Where the volume of petroleum products cannot justify the construction of a pipeline, petroleum products are transported to terminals across land by truck and rail and over water by marine tanker. In Atlantic Canada, all petroleum product terminals are serviced by marine tanker. In other areas of Canada, railways and trucks are much more important. Although transportation by truck is the most expensive transportation method, it is also the most flexible. Highway truck tankers transport all gasoline from the terminals or refinery truck loading facilities (commonly referred to as "racks") to underground storage tanks at each retail outlet.
Most of Canada's refined petroleum product distribution network is operated by three national oil companies (Shell, PetroCanada, and Imperial Oil) and a handful of regional refiners (Irving Oil, Ultramar, Suncor Energy, Federated Co-op, Husky and Chevron). With only a few exceptions, all products terminals are owned and operated by one of these companies.
The Canadian downstream petroleum industry can be broken into three distinct regions: Western Canada, Ontario and Quebec/Atlantic Canada. Although some product movements do occur between regions, such as shipments from Quebec refiners into Ontario, each of these regions has historically been self-sufficient. In 2005 Ontario shifted to a net import position with the closure of the Oakville refinery and increased product movements from Quebec refineries. Product imports can play a significant role in satisfying petroleum product demand in Canada. The availability of both crude oil and petroleum product imports in every region hinges on geographic constraints. Some regions are better suited than others to accommodate imported products. Each area has its own natural features and this creates some unique situations.


In the Atlantic/Quebec region, product movements from refineries to terminals occur primarily by ship. An exception is the unit train employed by Ultramar to move product from their refinery near Quebec City to Montréal. Ultramar is currently planning to build a pipeline from the St. Romuald refinery across the river from Quebec City to east-end Montreal to be operated in conjunction with the unit trains.
Terminal locations are governed by proximity to markets and alternative transportation modes. This region provides an excellent example of product exchanges as Imperial Oil and Irving Oil provide refined petroleum products to Shell, PetroCanada and Ultramar at Atlantic terminals in exchange for similar quantities of product in Montreal and Quebec City.
Because of their connection via major waterways, Atlantic Canada and Quebec have good access to imports from the northeastern U.S. and Europe. As a result there are a number of major independent marketers who import petroleum products into Montreal for sale in the Quebec and Ontario markets.


Product movements from refineries to terminals within Ontario are primarily done by pipeline, although some movements by marine are made into Sault Ste Marie and Thunder Bay. Thunder Bay is also supplied by rail from Winnipeg, and Sault Ste-Marie is partially supplied by rail and ship from Quebec. Eastern Ontario (Cornwall and Ottawa) obtains a large amount of their supply from Montréal via the Trans Northern Pipeline (TNPL). Three product pipelines, two from Sarnia refineries and the TNPL from Montréal, supply the Toronto area. Toronto is one location where essentially all refiners maintain terminals due to the large demand for products in the area. In 2005 the Toronto to Cornwall section of TNPLwas reversed to allow product to move from Quebec refineries all the way into Toronto.
Ontario also has access to supplies from large U.S. markets and can also bring in cargos via the St. Laurence Seaway from Quebec, Atlantic or offshore refineries. However, logistical constraints, such as the size of ships that can navigate the Seaway and the seaway-shipping season, increase the cost of these supplies. Other modes of transportation, such as pipeline, unit train and trucking, are necessary to bring in products from other regions.

Western Canada

Most of Western Canada is landlocked, and as such, has very limited access to supplies from other regions. Only British columbia has access to imported product as the current infrastructure was not designed to transport supplies to the Prairies from other regions. However, the Edmonton refineries supply petroleum products into the Vancouver market via the TransMountain pipeline (TMPL). In the event of a supply shortage in the Prairies, these Alberta refiners have the ability to balance supply and demand by importing product into Vancouver from Washington State, freeing up additional Edmonton production for consumption in prairie markets.
Product movements from refineries to terminals in the West are primarily done by pipeline. Movement by rail to the territories, B.C. interior and to Thunder Bay in western Ontario also occurs. Barges carry product from Vancouver to terminals on Vancouver Island and along the coast and from terminals in the Northwest Territories to more northern locations along the MacKenzie River.
Edmonton refineries provide about 50-60% of the petroleum product needs in the Vancouver market. The rest of the Vancouver area is supplied either by the Chevron refinery in Vancouver, or with product imports from the U.S. The West has some unique dual product pipelines. Enbridge Line 1 pipeline from Edmonton, Alberta, to Gretna, Manitoba, ships refined products plus natural gas liquids (NGLs) and synthetic crude. TMPL from Edmonton to Vancouver ships refined products plus all types of crude oil. The crude oil leaves deposits of substances, like sulphur, on the pipeline wall as it passes through the pipeline. These can be picked up by the clean products like gasoline that follow the crude oil through the line. Gasoline shipped viaTMPL to Vancouver must undergo further treating prior to sale to remove impurities picked up in transit.


As a result of the significant rationalization of terminals over the last 20 years, in some markets, only one terminal exists and all marketers load at that terminal. From these local terminals, petroleum products are trucked to retail / customer sites. Each product has a different delivery system from the terminal depending on the customer base. For example, jet fuel is often moved by pipeline directly to the airport. Diesel fuel is distributed through retail outlets, large commercial card lock facilities where trucking companies can fill up at unattended distribution sites, or by truck delivered directly to customer tankage. Furnace oil is distributed from the terminal directly to home heating customers.
Gasoline, the most visible and widely used of all the products, has the most dispersed distribution network. Before the gasoline leaves the terminal, some gasoline retailers will add performance and detergent additives to distinguish their brand from those of their competitors. The formula for each additive package is unique to that specific brand. As many companies pick up product from the same terminal, the proprietary additives are generally added at the terminal and are the only way to differentiate gasoline at retail outlets.
Ethanol, and ethanol-blended gasoline, because of its ability to pick up water, cannot be transported by pipeline. Ethanol can be shipped by railcar or truck but must be blended at the terminal for those locations supplied by marine or pipeline. Dedicated tanks are required to store the ethanol and the gasoline-blending component with which it will be mixed. The handling of ethanol-blended fuels also requires modifications to other aspects of the fuel distribution system, including trucks, retail storage tanks and service station pumps.

Retail Outlets

The marketing and retailing of gasoline is carried out by many firms, which can generally be divided into two types. The first type consists of outlets operated by the integrated refiner marketers who produce the gasoline, distribute it and market it, often through affiliate or licensed operators who own individual outlets. These companies provide gasoline to their own network and to other retailers under contract. The second type consists of the independent marketers. Independent marketers are those who do not own a refinery but either buy their product from Canadian refiners or import the gasoline. They tend to operate small numbers of outlets in specific locales, but some large networks exist. Some of the larger networks of independent stations include Wilson Fuels, Couche-Tard, OLCO, Canadian Tire, Cango, and Domo. Generally, the large independents have a 15-25% share of the sales volume in urban markets.
The three major refiners - Imperial Oil, Shell and PetroCanada - account for about 36% of the branded stations in Canada and have the largest share of stations in each of the regions except the Atlantic. Imperial Oil is the largest retailer in Canada with 1,978 Esso stations followed by Shell's 1,762 and PetroCanada's 1,375 sites. It is important to note that a large percentage of these "branded" stations are independently owned and operated under supply contracts with the company whose brand of gasoline is sold at that outlet.
According to a report published by MJ Ervin and Associates (December 2004), of the 14,034 service stations in Canada, only 16% of all gasoline stations come under the price control of one of the three majors and only 32% of service stations come under the price control of one of the 10 refiner-marketers. Independent proprietors operate the remaining 68% of Canadian service stations and set their own prices.
There is also an important distinction between the number of outlets a company owns and their market share. Not all stations have the same volume throughput. The majors tend to have higher volume throughput per outlet so generally are able to capture a larger share of the market with fewer stations. In 2004, Shell service stations averaged sales of 4.1 million litres, while Esso and Petro-Canada's company-owned sites had average sales of more than 5.6 million litres per site. Since 2000, the three major oil companies have increased their sales by 4.5% despite reducing the number of outlets they own by 18%.
While the major and regional refiner-marketers have been closing some of their low performance outlets, independent retailers have been increasing their presence in the gasoline market. The most notable new participants are supermarkets. Grocery chains such as Superstore and Safeway have entered the retail gasoline market. The supermarkets are known for their high-volume, low-margin retailing and are considered by many as an efficient and aggressive new source of competition in the competition in the industry.
Date Modified: 

MP Expenses For Courtenay-Alberni

Chamber of Commerce Opposes Kinder Morgan Pipeline

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Road Closure

I came through last night by detouring on Toquart Bay road.Not in the greatest condition and not marked.Not sure if this detour is still available.

Friday, November 11, 2016

Short Term Rentals in Principle Residences Only ?

Council is looking into limiting short term rentals to principle residences only.This would have quite an effect as many short term rentals are owned by people out side of the community and some outside of the country. Your thoughts please.....

"THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED THAT District staff report to Council as soon as
possible on the feasibility of
enforcing current Bylaws pertaining to the issues of short term rentals in Tofino;

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED THAT Council direct staff to investigate the impact of
allowing short term rentals in principle residences only "
from Oct 31 council meeting

Thursday, October 13, 2016

P1A Zoning Update

Many readers have asked me to post the P1A zoning. I have checked with district staff and it continues to disallow Tourist Commercial Accommodation.The only property in the District of Tofino zoned P1A is 1084 Pacific Rim Highway. It should be noted that while the entire property is zoned P1A only the garden portion of the property was exempted from property tax in past years.

Should be read in conjunction with the complete document
District of Tofino Zoning Bylaw No. 770, 1997 (Updated 2012
This District provides for the development of primarily institutional and educational type uses with
limited ancillary commercial and residential elements.
Uses Permitted
Civic Uses;
Assembly Uses;

Educational Use (e.g. private schools);
Arboreta, botanical gardens, wildlife refuges;
The following ancillary commercial elements:
one restaurant/teahouse
limited to a maximum floor area of 69.7 square
metres (750 square feet);
gift shop/retail sales
ed to a combined maximum floor area of 92.9 square
metres (1,000 square feet);
gallery or other facility for the display or performance in natural science and
cultural interest; not including retail sales or food service except as provided
elsewhere in thi
s section (5);
nursery and greenhouse facility
limited to a maximum internal floor area of
464.5 square metres (5,000 square feet);
one restaurant/cafeteria
providing food service for the students, staff, guests
and visitors
limited to a maximum service
 floor area of 69.7 square metres
(750 square feet) excluding kitchen space shared with the dormitory (provided
in 6 below);
Accessory student dormitory facility:
limited to one building only;
limited to a maximum total of 32 bed spaces in one or more
sleeping units with
ancillary common living/kitchen/study facilities;
Accessory Residential Use under Section 4.10(2) shall be permitted and);
Accessory buildings and uses in accordance with Section 4

Conditions of Use
Accessory Uses in this zone include:
administrative functions directly associated with the use elements on site;
display functions;
classroom and lecture facilities;
labs, workshops, library and resource and study areas;
greenhouses, storage sheds and public washroom facilities;
observations platforms and towers limited to 15.2 metres (50 feet) maximum
height and;
garden/arboretum plots.
Student accommodation under Section 35A.1.6 above shall not be used for tourist
commercial accommodation
 and no other residential components permitted shall
be used for tourist commercial accommodation.
Residential units shall comply with Section 4.13 minimum floor areas.
In the interests of clarity, the following conditions shall apply

Friday, September 16, 2016

DISTRICT OF TOFINO COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE MEETING Council Chamber, Municipal Office 2016-September-19 at 6:00 PM

Cover Image

Council Chamber, Municipal Office
2016-September-19 at 6:00 PM


Click here for the District of Tofino 2015-2018 Strategic Plan





Minutes of the Committee of the Whole Meeting held July 11, 2016
Recommendation: THAT the minutes of the Committee of the Whole meeting held July 11, 2016, be adopted.
Committee of the Whole - 11 Jul 2016 - Minutes



Delegation Request from BC Ambulance Service re. Community Paramedicine Ucluelet-Tofino
2016-08-24 Delegation Request - BC Ambulance Service re. Community Paramedicine




Amenity Guideline Policy (Report from Community Sustainability)
Recommendation: THAT the staff report “Amenity Guideline Policy” dated September 19, 2016, be received for information and discussion.
2016-09-19 RTCOW - Amenity Guideline Policy
2016-09-19 RTCOW - Amenity Guideline Policy - Appendix 1
2016-09-19 RTCOW - Amenity Guideline Policy - Appendix 2
2016-09-19 RTCOW - Amenity Guideline Policy - Appendix 3
2016-09-19 RTCOW - Amenity Guideline Policy - Appendix 4


Marijuana Dispensaries (Verbal Report from CAO and Manager of Community Sustainability)


Joint Liquid Waste Management Advisory Committee
2016-09-13 JLWMAC - Agenda
2016-09-13 JLWMAC - Minutes
2016-09-13 Opus DaytonKnight - Presentation
2016-09-12 Open House # 2 Presentation
2016-09-13 Open House #2 Sticky Notes

Submissions Circulated at the September 13, 2016, JLWMAC Meeting
Submission - D. White
Submission - B. Ison
Submission - B. Dusseault
Submission - M. Jacobsen
Submission - M. Peacock
Submission - N. Cutler
Submission - N. Powis





September 19, 2016
Committee of the Whole Agenda

Westerly Story on Main St in Tofino

NDP Affordable Housing Strategy

Friday, September 9, 2016

DISTRICT OF TOFINO REGULAR COUNCIL MEETING Council Chamber, Municipal Office 2016-September-13 at 10:00 AM

Cover Image


Council Chamber, Municipal Office
2016-September-13 at 10:00 AM


Click here for the District of Tofino 2015-2018 Strategic Plan




Minutes of the special Council Meeting held August 29, 2016
Recommendation: THAT the minutes of the special Council meeting held August 29, 2016, be adopted.
Special Council - 29 Aug 2016 - Minutes


Minutes of the Regular Council held August 23, 2016
Recommendation: THAT the minutes of the regular Council meeting held August 23, 2016, be adopted.
Regular Council - 23 Aug 2016 - Minutes


Minutes of the Special Council Meeting held August 22, 2016
Recommendation: THAT the minutes of the special Council meeting held August 22, 2016, be adopted.
Special Council - 22 Aug 2016 - Minutes


Minutes of the Special Council Meeting - Business Licence Hearing held August 22, 2016
Recommendation: THAT the minutes of the special Council meeting and business licence hearing held August 22, 2016, be adopted.
Special Council - Business Licence Hearing - 22 Aug 2016 - Minutes





Delegation Request from Jen Dart, Long Beach Chamber of Commerce, regarding "Buy Local" Program
2016-09-13 Delegation Request - TLBCC re. Buy Local
2016-08-22 Buy Local Proposal (Update)
2016-05-04 Buy Local Proposal (Initial)




Correspondence from Canadian Cancer Society requesting endorsement of "Smoke and Vape-Free Spaces" Resolution
2016-08-12 Canadian Cancer Society re. Tobacco and Vapour Products Control Act





2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions (Report from Financial Services)
Recommendation: THAT staff be authorized to prepare a tax exemption bylaw for the years 2017 to 2020 that includes the properties listed in Appendix 2 of the staff report “2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions” dated September 13, 2016.
2016-09-13 RTC - 2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions
2016-09-13 RTC - 2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions - Appendix 1
2016-09-13 RTC - 2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions - Appendix 2
2016-09-13 RTC - 2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions - Appendix 3
2016-09-13 RTC - 2017-2020 Permissive Tax Exemptions - Appendix 4


Special Event Permit Application - Tofino Paddle and Surf Championships (Report from Resort Municipality Initiative Services)
Recommendation: THAT staff be authorized to issue a special event permit for the use of the Chesterman Beach and Cox Bay parking lots and beach access paths to organizers of the Tofino Paddle and Surf Championships event scheduled to be held October 21 – 23, 2016 including the following conditions:
         Proof of permission from the Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations to use the foreshore.
         Provision of a $500 refundable damage deposit.
         Provision of a Certificate of insurance naming the District of Tofino as additional insured.
         Provision of an event traffic management plan 30 days before the event.


Tofino Clayoquot Heritage Society – Implementation of Heritage Master Plan (Report from Corporate Services)
Recommendation: THAT the report “Tofino Clayoquot Heritage Society – Implementation of Heritage Master Plan” dated September 13, 2016, be received for information and discussion.
2016-09-13 RTC - TCHS Implementation of Heritage Master Plan
2016-09-13 RTC - TCHS Implementation of Heritage Master Plan - Appendix 1
2016-09-13 RTC - TCHS Implementation of Heritage Master Plan - Appendix 2
2016-09-13 RTC - TCHS Implementation of Heritage Master Plan  - Appendix 3


Board of Variance
Minutes: THAT the minutes of the Board of Variance meeting held August 29, 2016 be received.
BoV - 29 Aug 2016 - Minutes


Community Economic Development Advisory Committee
Minutes: THAT the minutes of the Community Economic Development Advisory Committee meeting held August 23, 2016 be received. Recommendation: THAT up to $10,000 be released from the Special Projects Reserve to support the Tofino - Long Beach Chamber of Commerce "Buy Local" program.
CEDAC - 23 Aug 2016 - Minutes






Recommendation: THAT the meeting be closed to the public pursuant to sections 90(1)(a)(c)(e) and (g) of the Community Charter to discuss matters relating to:
         personal information about an individual who holds or is being considered for a position as an officer, employee or agent;
         employee relations;
         acquisition or disposition of land or improvements;
         potential litigation affecting the municipality.




September 13, 2016
Regular Council Agenda